An addiction is a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific activity. The term is often reserved for drug addictions but it is sometimes applied to other compulsions, such as smoking, caffeine and food. Factors that have been suggested as causes of addiction include genetic, biological/pharmacological and social factors.

The Facts:

  • One of every eight Americans has a significant problem with drugs or alcohol.
  • Approximately 27 million Americans either use illicit drugs regularly or are heavy drinkers.
  • By age eighteen, almost 12 percent of all young people are illicit drug users.
  • Approximately 70 percent of illegal drug users are employed and contribute significantly to workplace absenteeism, accidents and injuries, decreased productivity, increased insurance expenses, employee turnover costs and on-the-job-violence.

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