Your blood is living tissue made up of liquid and solids. The liquid part, called plasma, is made of water, salts and protein. Over half of your blood is plasma. The solid part of your blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Blood supplies oxygen to tissues along with providing nutrients such as glucose, amino acids and fatty acids to the body. It also removes waste such as carbon dioxide, urea and lactic acid. Blood disorders affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin and blood proteins.
Problems with blood composition or circulation can lead to serious complications such as Anemia and Hypoglycemia. If a person’s blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells (RBCs) or the RBCs don’t have enough hemoglobin, the person may have Anemia. People with anemia feel tired, along with other symptoms, because their bodies are not receiving enough oxygen. Hypoglycemia occurs when a person’s blood glucose level drops too low to provide enough energy for their body’s activities. People with hypoglycemia may experience nervousness, perspiration, shakiness, dizziness, confusion among other symptoms.
To help prevent many types of blood disorders, you should eat a diet rich in iron, vitamins and minerals. Also, eating at regular times every day, and not skipping meals, will help to keep blood glucose at a level that allows the body to function normally.
- Red blood cells contain the blood’s hemoglobin and distribute oxygen.
- White blood cells are part of the immune system. They destroy and remove old cells and cellular debris and also attack infectious agents and foreign substances.
- Platelets are responsible for blood clotting.
- More than 3 million people in the United States have anemia. It occurs in all age groups and in all racial and ethnic groups.
- In adults or children older than 10 years, hypoglycemia is uncommon except as a side effect of diabetes treatment.
- Hypoglycemia can result from other medications or diseases, hormone or enzyme deficiencies, or tumors.
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